Zimbabwe’s health woes: 250 babies born in make-shift maternity clinic as system collapses

Esther Zinyoro Gwena holds one of the babies she has just delivered in her tiny apartment in the poor suburb of Mbare in Harare, Zimbabwe, Saturday, Nov. 16, 2019. Grandmother Esther Zinyoro Gwena claims to be guided by the holy spirit and has become a local hero, as the country’s economic crisis forces closure of medical facilities, and mothers-to-be seek out untrained birth attendants.(AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi)

The floor is dusty, the walls filthy and the furniture decrepit, but for two weeks last month a tiny flat in a Harare township was transformed into a maternity clinic where scores of babies were born.

Its owner, 69-year-old self-taught midwife Esther Gwena, says she helped to deliver 250 infants as Zimbabwe’s health sector tottered – a feat that earned comparisons to Florence Nightingale, the pioneer of modern nursing.

Hundreds of junior medics at state hospitals began a strike three months ago because their salaries – less than $200 a month – are not enough to live on in a country gripped by 500 percent inflation.

Nurses are only working two days a week.

Those who can’t afford private care – the majority of the 14 million people reeling under an economic crisis compounded by acute food shortages – suffer at home or seek help from people like Gwena.

Senior doctors, in a letter last week, said state hospitals had become a “death trap” and warned of a “slow genocide”.

The government has also fired 448 junior doctors for striking.

‘I had to do something’

“A man came to me and said there were two women in advanced labour at (a nearby clinic) but the place was closed because the nurses were on strike,” Gwena told AFP in her two-room flat in Mbare township.

She rushed there and found that one of the women had a baby which had died.

“I took the other one to my place, where I helped her. The baby survived. From that time, I knew I had to do something,” she said.

I helped to deliver 250 babies
Gwena takes a moment for prayer as she prepares herself for a long day ahead at her two-room apartment in Mbare high-density suburb in Harare. (Jekesai Njikizana/AFP).

Word that she was helping deliver babies for free spread quickly.

The state-owned television ZBC described her as “a modern Zimbabwean version of Florence Nightingale” and First Lady Auxillia Mnangagwa visited Gwena and donated food, detergents and blankets.

A funeral services company chipped in with a mobile water tank and pitched a tent outside to serve as a waiting room for women before they went into advanced labour.

“I helped to deliver 250 babies … (they) are alive and kicking and at home with their mothers,” Gwena said.

Two weeks later, the government asked her to stop after a nearby maternity clinic reopened.

‘Patients are dying’

But while some laud Gwena as a selfless do-gooder, doctors worry that she exposed herself, the mothers, the babies to infection.

“We need to do something about our facilities so no one goes to her,” Harare’s director of medical services Prosper Chonzi, said.

Medicines have been in short supply and broken machines go unrepaired.

Senior doctors last week also stopped work in protest over the sacking of junior colleagues

Health Minister Obadiah Moyo admitted the situation in hospitals is constrained but says the government will soon advertise the posts left vacant by the sacked doctors.

A senior doctor, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the situation has become untenable.

In the second largest city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwean
Chonzi said medical facilities need to be up to standard to avoid patients having to go to Gwena. (Jekesai Njikizana/AFP).

“There is no public health in Zimbabwe at the moment; everything has come to a standstill,” he said, adding: “Patients are dying”.

Even the scarce equipment is often not right.


In the second largest city of Bulawayo, Zimbabweans living abroad are helping in a small way by crowdfunding and sending money back home to offer health care for the vulnerable.

One such initiative is Citizwean Clinic, which opened its doors last month and attended to hundreds of patients in the first five days – providing free consultation and drugs.

“We go to the hospital these days it’s bad, there are no doctors. We heard that there were doctors here,” said hypertensive patient Elina Dzingire.

“We’ve really been helped here,” she told AFP from the clinic in the city’s Cowdray Park township. – AFP