HARARE – Zimbabwe’s once volatile currency is showing signs of stabilising, with the gap between the official and parallel-market exchange rates narrowing and raising hopes runaway inflation may cool.
“We have basically converged with an acceptable premium between the alternative and interbank rates,” Persistence Gwanyanya, a Harare-based economist and a member of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe’s monetary policy committee, said by phone. “The markets are at equilibrium.”
The government has unveiled a raft of measures since May — including a new interbank rate, gold coins, legalising the use of the US dollar and a brief ban on bank lending — to try halt a decline in the value of the local unit that helped spur inflation to 285 percent in August.
While the Zimbabwe dollar had been among the world’s poorly-performing currency this year — slumping more than 80 percent against the greenback — the even-larger collapse of its value on the street has reversed.
The latest interbank rate is $604 per US dollar, with businesses allowed to add a 10 percent mark-up in pricing goods and services. That brings it in line with the parallel market spread of between $650 and $700 per greenback.
With the currency markets stabilising, the central bank now expects businesses to begin cutting prices, Mr Gwanyanya said.
“It is inescapable,” he said. “The next wave is that of price reductions and that will cement the stability.”
Still, the central bank won’t rush to cut its key interest rate, currently the world’s highest at 200 percent.
“An earlier softening may result in reversal of gains,” according to Mr Gwanyanya.
It’s also unclear whether some of the measures imposed to bring the exchange rates in line are sustainable, given they will restrict economic activity and elections are due next year, according to Lloyd Mlotshwa, head of research at IH Securities, a Harare-based brokerage firm.
“The convergence has been achieved by punitively constricting local-currency liquidity, that is by stopping government contract payments, increasing interest rates to 200 percent and taxes on capital markets,” he said. – Bloomberg